Vaccinations play an important role in helping your pet live a long, healthy life. They stimulate the immune system to produce antibodies that help defend against disease.
Each pet’s vaccination needs are different. Before our pet clinic gives any vaccinations we do a thorough exam to be sure the patient’s immune system is not already compromised. If you’ve noticed any abnormal behavior in your pet, this exam is the best time to bring that to our attention. Our exam, along with a review of age, genetic predispositions and other environmental factors will help us determine the best vaccination schedule for your pet.Click a header below for details about your new cat or dog:
- RHINOTRACHEITIS causes acute respiratory symptoms such as sneezing, nasal discharge, rhinitis (inflammmation of the nose), and conjunctivitis (inflammation of the eyelid).
- CALICIVIRUS is an upper respiratory virus that affects the mouth, eyes and sometimes the lungs.
- PANLEUKOPENIA virus causes vomiting, diarrhea, and can cause sudden death. The virus is transmitted primarily by the fecal-oral route (including through exposure to objects/clothing/hands contaminated with the virus from feces).
Feline Leukemia (FELV) – A virus that is shed in saliva and tears; may also be present in urine and feces of infected animals. Common symptoms include depression, weight loss, decreased appetite, diarrhea or constipation, enlarged lymph nodes, respiratory distress, or excessive drinking and urination.
VACCINATING YOUR KITTEN – The main difference in vaccinations for kittens is scheduling. Initially, kittens take in antibodies from their mother’s milk (colostrum), which protect them until the kitten’s immune system matures and starts attacking the mother’s antibodies as foreign invaders (8-12 weeks). Then the immune system is mature enough to to take the vaccine and produce its own antibodies. Most vaccinations require a second booster 2-4 weeks after the first to fully stimulate the immune system. Kittens also need treatment for intestinal parasites. These worms are transmitted from the mother while the kittens are still in the uterus. The worms migrate through the kittens tissue to end up in the intestinal tract where they can be killed by deworming medication. Two treatments are required, two weeks apart, to insure any worms in the tissue at the first worming are taken care of in the second. Recheck fecal tests ensure the kitten is free of parasites.
A recommended kitten vaccination/deworming schedule includes:
|8 weeks||10 weeks||12 weeks||14 weeks|
|exam||recheck exam||recheck exam|
|1st FRCP vaccine||2nd FRCP vaccine||3rd FRCP vaccine|
|fecal test||fecal recheck|
|FELV test||1st FELV vaccine||2nd FELV vaccine|
A handful of preventable diseases can affect your dog’s long and happy existence. Here’s an overview:
DAP (Distemper, Adenovirus, Parvovirus)
- CANINE DISTEMPER is a contagious, incurable, often fatal, viral disease that can have lasting negative effects on dogs that survive it. Coughing, nasal discharge, vomiting and “chewing gum seizures” are typical signs.
- ADENOVIRUS can occur in two types: Type 1 causes infectious canine hepatitis, a potentially fatal disease. It can also cause respiratory and eye infections. Jaundice; coughing; nasal and eye discharge are common symptoms. Type 2 is a potential cause of kennel cough.
- PARVOVIRUS attacks the gastrointestinal tract, with symptoms such as bloody diarrhea, vomiting, fever and a lack of energy. It can be successfully treated with hospitalization and intensive care if found early.
Leptospirosis – is caused by spiral shaped bacteria that are passed in the urine of infected animals into water or moist soil. Rats and mice are primary hosts around Austin, but dogs, deer, rabbits, raccoons, opossums and skunks can also carry and transmit the disease. The banks of lakes and streams are common sources. Humans can be infected, but that’s uncommon.
Bordetella/Parainfluenza – Bordetella bacteria and Parainfluenza virus are common causes of infectious canine tracheobronchitis or Kennel Cough. Symptoms include a dry, hacking cough and retching of a white, foamy liquid. Infected dogs can spread the disease a surprising distance by coughing an aerosol of infectious agents. One dog in a kennel can expose others very easily, hence the name Kennel Cough.
VACCINATING YOUR PUPPY – Mothers pass antibodies in their milk during the first 48 hours after birth that protect the pup for 6 to 14 weeks. During that time the puppy’s immune system matures enough to see the mother’s antibodies as foreign and removes them. At that point, the pup’s system is ready to create its own antibodies with a boost from vaccinations. It is important to follow the schedule closely to completion. We also complete any deworming needed and discuss home care required to maintain your dog’s health and well being, such as parasite control as well as feeding, neutering and training recommendations. A recommended vaccination/deworming schedule for puppies includes:
|6 weeks||8 weeks||10 weeks||14 weeks|
|exam||recheck exam||recheck exam|
|1st DAP vaccine||2nd DAP vaccine||3rd DAP vaccine|
|fecal test||fecal test|
|1st deworming||2nd deworming|
|leptospirosis vaccine||leptospirosis vaccine|